current position:Home>The number of "small fat mounds" in rural areas is increasing year by year, which can not be ignored

The number of "small fat mounds" in rural areas is increasing year by year, which can not be ignored

2021-08-26 00:02:55 Red Net

writing / Xu Guiyuan

recently , The National Health Commission held a press conference , Zhao Wenhua, chief expert of nutrition of China CDC, introduced at the meeting : In our country 6-17 The rate of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents is nearly 20%,6 The overweight and obesity rate of children under years old exceeds 10%. Of particular note is 6 The problem of overweight and obesity under the age of , Especially obesity , The countryside surpasses the city .2015 year , The China Social Science Survey Center of Peking University adopts the age standard of the World Health Organization , To China 25 provinces 1.6 The results of a sample survey of more than 10000 families show that , Chinese countryside 、 The proportion of mild obesity and above in urban and urban children is 24.62%、15.04% and 13.58%, The obesity rate of rural children is significantly higher than that of urban and urban children .(8 month 21 Japan 《 Farmers Daily 》)

rural “ Little Fatty ” Increasing year by year , To optimize China's population structure 、 Improve population quality , It's definitely a big shock . Regarding this , Experts call for : Parents must help their children develop good eating habits from an early age , Achieve adequate physical activity , Try your best to reduce static behavior time and screen time , Encourage children to drink more water , Control the child to “ partial eclipse ” and “ Eating snacks ”.

In the past ,“ Little Fatty ” See more in cities , Now , In the countryside “ Little Fatty ” it is often seen , The problem of childhood obesity has attracted great attention of the Party Central Committee and the State Council .2016 In 《“ Healthy China 2030” Plan for 》 in , It is clearly pointed out that we should strengthen the prevention and treatment of obesity .2019 In 《 Healthy China action (2019-2030)》 I mentioned , We should guide children to eat a scientific and balanced diet 、 Strengthen physical exercise 、 Achieve comprehensive prevention and intervention of childhood obesity . Relevant departments have also taken effective measures to prevent and control childhood obesity .2020 National Health Commission 、 The Ministry of education and other six departments issued 《 Implementation plan for obesity prevention and control of children and adolescents 》, Four key tasks are defined : Strengthening family responsibility , Give full play to the role of parents and caregivers ; Strengthen school responsibility , Maintain a healthy weight for children and adolescents ; Strengthen the responsibility of medical and health institutions , Optimize weight management services ; Strengthen government responsibility , Strengthen supporting environmental construction . and ,《 programme 》 Different targets have also been set at the national and regional levels , Put forward specific action measures . But in practice , Exist in varying degrees “ Big talk and little rain ”、 Not enough strength 、 A phenomenon that has no obvious effect . This situation cannot be ignored .

According to the survey , rural “ Little Fatty ” Increasing year by year , The main reason is that the living conditions in rural areas are improving day by day , Every family is getting rich , Children are at home “ Centrality ”, Be regarded as “ eye ” and “ Sweetheart ”, Food, clothing and everything . Especially in the daily diet, there is no control 、 Children's food is more colorful 、 There is a wide variety of , Good for children “ Attractive force ”, Children have “ Eating snacks ” The habit of . In addition, many parents in rural areas go out to work , Children are usually left to the care of the elderly on both sides , experienced “ Poor days ” and “ days of hardship ” The old man of , I'd rather economize on food and clothing , Don't be stingy with your children , I often hear some old people say , Now the living conditions are good , You can't “ bitter ” The child . therefore , Let the child eat uncontrollably , Snacks are even more casual , More indulgent .

meanwhile , In the countryside , Many old people have misunderstandings in their ideas , I think as long as the child grows “ White and fat ”“ Stocky and plump ”, Is strong 、 A symbol of family wealth . Some old people think , Children grow up when they are young “ A little fat ”, Don't worry about growing up “ Good body ”, It will be natural “ Lose weight ”. 18 changes in a woman , The more beautiful it becomes , It will become fashionable “ beauty ”; Men's eighteen changes , When you grow up, you will become big and round “ Big brother ” true man . This deep-rooted traditional misconception must be completely eradicated .

What is worrying and overwhelming is , The countryside is a vast consumer market , A lot of high sugar 、 High calorie junk food is also called fake “ Cottage food ” Continuously flowing into the countryside , Very popular with children , To some extent, it weakens the normal eating of children's dinner . And some KFC 、 McDonald's 、 Foreign fast food and takeout have also become popular in rural areas , This is an important cause of obesity in rural children . Some parents and the elderly are considering the safety of their children , Weekdays, especially summer vacation 、 During the winter vacation and since the epidemic prevention and control , I'd rather let the children “ house ” Watch TV cartoons at home 、 Play with mobile phones and other toys , I don't want my children to go out and run around or “ have an outing ”. thus , Outdoor activities are reduced and limited to some extent , It is also another factor for children to grow meat and gain weight .

Children are the future of our country , The hope of the nation . Strengthen the education and guidance of minors , It is the responsibility of the whole society to let children grow up healthily , It is directly related to the rise and fall of the Chinese nation and the long-term stability of the country . therefore , We must face up to the problem of childhood obesity with a long-term strategic vision , We should make sure that we are early 、 Catch the little 、 Fine grasp 、 Firm , Achieve remarkable results as soon as possible .

First, face the countryside , Take many forms , Use all publicity tools , Spread and popularize scientific and healthy nutrition knowledge , Educate and guide children to develop normal habits “ Eat ”、 Consciously control “ snacks ” Good habits . Secondly, urge children's parents and the elderly, especially to change the traditional concept of diet , Strictly control children's bad eating habits , Take good care of children with modern educational ideas and management methods , Earnestly assume the responsibility of guardianship of children .

Third, it is aimed at the actual situation that children spend most of their time in school all year round , Schools should carry out education on healthy diet and nutritious recipes , Formulate a scientific nutritional catering plan conducive to the healthy growth of children , Let children know what food has nutritional value 、 What food is harmful to physical and mental health , Improve children's cognitive ability and risk resistance , Internalize in the heart 、 Externalize in line , Develop good eating habits since childhood . meanwhile , Schools should set up standardized 、 Diversified physical education courses , Prevent being randomly occupied by other courses .

Fourth, the school should do well “ Little Fatty ” Psychological counseling for students . Some because of obesity , They are often criticized by their classmates “ For fun ” and “ ridicule ”, Easy to produce “ Inferiority complex ”、 And even “ Drop out ” The phenomenon . Regarding this , Schools should do a good job in psychological counseling for obese students , Eliminate the psychological barriers of obese students .

Fifth, strengthen the supervision of children's food in an all-round way , Keep children away from junk food , Reduce the consumption of all kinds of children's food with high sugar consumption . This can effectively reduce “ Little Fatty ” The number of is increasing year by year , So as to relieve parents' anxiety 、 The pain of society , Let the flowers of the motherland bloom brilliantly , Carrying the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation !

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