current position：Home>Heavy "double reduction", how to reduce?
Heavy "double reduction", how to reduce?
2021-08-26 02:46:20 【Beijing daily client】
Children's education is related to thousands of families , It's a big event in the family , It is also a hot topic in society . Recently released 《 Opinions on further reducing students' homework burden and off campus training burden in the stage of compulsory education 》, Focus on what people care about “ Double subtraction ” problem , Caused widespread concern .
Why did this opinion come out ？ The 19th meeting of the Central Committee for comprehensively deepening reform clearly pointed out that ：“ One of the most prominent problems in compulsory education is that the burden of primary and secondary school students is too heavy , Shortsightedness 、 There is no fundamental solution to the problem of utilitarianism . In particular, out of school training institutions are developing in disorder ,‘ Reduce the burden on campus 、 Increase the burden outside school ’ The phenomenon is prominent .” Such problems lead to the overload of students' homework and after-school training , Parents are overburdened with money and energy , It has seriously hedged the achievements of educational reform and development .
2020 year 8 month , Ms. Wang, who lives in Chaoyang District, Beijing, signed up for an English training class for children in primary school , The result was an accident . Ms. Wang's name is Yize English , This is an off campus organization for primary and middle school students to train English , Now the building is empty . Ms. Wang said , I just came into contact with this organization soon , The other salesperson tried to persuade her to buy as many courses as possible .
As early as 2018 year , The general office of the State Council clearly stipulates that ： After school training institutions must obtain a school running license after examination and approval , And the time span of one-time collection shall not exceed 3 Months of expenses . At that time, Ms. Wang only considered the discount , I didn't think too much .
However ,2020 By the end of year , Yize English suddenly issued a notice to suspend classes , Then the teachers and managers lost contact one after another , Only then did the parents find out , Yize English is only run by an education consulting company , No school license at all , At present, the company has been included in the list of abnormal operations because it is unable to contact .
Training institutions, students' parents Yuan Quan ： Parents we can reach now ,6 A total of 800 Multiple children , The total outstanding class fees are about 1100 More than ten thousand yuan .
I'll take the money , The training course is gone , This kind of thing is not uncommon . However , This is just one of the chaos of various after-school training institutions in recent years . If money “ course ” The two empty spaces bring immediate economic losses to some families , that , In recent years, the disorderly expansion of various discipline after-school training institutions has brought more far-reaching harm to the whole society , The first is to increase the physical and mental burden of children .
2017 The annual survey shows that , The overall participation rate of out of school training for primary and secondary school students in China 48.3%, The overall scale exceeds 100 million people .2021 year , A survey by Beijing Normal University shows that ,88.8% My primary school students 、95.7% Middle school students , Sleep time does not meet the national standard , even to the extent that 34.2% Of primary and middle school students don't get enough sleep every day 7 Hours . In addition to directly increasing the physical and mental burden of children , Many after-school training institutions , By creating pressure 、 Marketing anxiety and other means , It causes panic to students and parents , It also increases the burden on the family , It also wastes a lot of social resources .
And under all kinds of names , leading 、 Superclass 、 Excessive competitive training , It deviates from the origin of Education , Let learning become a race of money and time , Training has become a business of brushing questions and raising points , Many families are deeply involved , But I can't get away .
The off campus training market under the banner of education is expanding year by year , Let the family lose more than gain , Society pays a heavy price , The biggest gainers are training institutions . data display ,2020 year , The scale of China's after-school training market exceeds one trillion yuan ,2019、2020 year , The number of new off campus training institutions is more than 70000 to 80000 .
In order to eradicate the chaos of out of school training , Just released 《 Opinions on further reducing students' homework burden and off campus training burden in the stage of compulsory education 》, Restrictions on out of school training institutions are clearly put forward .
Limited quantity ： Adhere to strict examination and approval authority . All localities will no longer approve new discipline after-school training institutions for students at the stage of compulsory education , The existing discipline training institutions are uniformly registered as non-profit institutions .
Price limit ： In Beijing, 、 Shanghai and other pilot cities , Bring the fees for Discipline after-school training in the stage of compulsory education into the management of government guidance price , Scientifically and reasonably determine the pricing method , Specify the charging standard .
According to the relevant regulations of the Ministry of Education , The discipline here refers to ： Morality and the rule of law 、 Chinese language and literature 、 history 、 Geography 、 mathematics 、 Foreign Languages 、 Physics 、 chemical 、 Biology .
Professionals point out , These discipline training institutions shall be uniformly registered as non-profit institutions , And pilot guide prices , Is to let education return to the public welfare orientation .
Executive vice president of China Private Education Association Hu Wei ： Education is a non-profit enterprise , Whether public or private , Whether for profit or not , Are an important part of socialist education , We must uphold the party's leadership , Return to a cause of conscience , Can't be kidnapped by capital funds .
Limit the number of discipline after-school training institutions , While limiting the price , This opinion also clearly puts forward , Set a time limit ： Off campus training institutions shall not occupy national legal holidays 、 Organize Discipline Training on rest days and winter and summer holidays . And before that , The relevant provisions have been made clear , The training end time of off campus training institutions shall not be later than 20 spot 30 branch , in other words , In the future, the Discipline Training of off campus training institutions , Only on the evening of primary and secondary school teaching day 8 Before half past ten .
meanwhile , The opinions strictly restrict capital intervention in off campus training institutions . According to the opinion , Discipline training institutions shall not be listed for financing , Capitalization is strictly prohibited ; Listed companies shall not invest in discipline training institutions through stock market financing , It is not allowed to purchase the assets of discipline training institutions by issuing shares or paying cash .
While controlling capital , Opinions further clarify the need to control funds ： Some pilot cities should be managed by a third party 、 Risk reserve, etc , Carry out risk management and control on the pre charge of out of school training institutions , Effective prevention “ Refund is difficult ”“ Roll money and run away ” Wait for the problem to happen . We should strengthen the management of off campus training advertising , Ensure that mainstream media 、 The new media 、 In public places 、 All kinds of billboards and network platforms in residential areas are not published 、 No advertising for out of school training . It is strictly prohibited to make up the original price for sales promotion 、 False discounts 、 Unfair competition by means of false publicity . In managing capital 、 Control the funds 、 While controlling marketing , The Opinions also point out the direction for the next step of after-school training institutions .
Executive vice president of China Private Education Association Hu Wei ： Except for subjects , And quality education , And music 、 sports 、 The fine arts 、 The development of science and technology , Someone needs to be engaged in this education .
Manage training institutions outside the campus , Reduce the burden on students , Parents reduce stress , What else should we do on campus ？
The opinion also gives the answer . According to the opinion ： Comprehensively reduce the total amount and duration of operation , Reduce students' heavy homework burden , Schools should ensure that primary school one 、 The second grade doesn't assign homework , The average completion time of written homework from grade 3 to grade 6 of primary school shall not exceed 60 minute , The average completion time of written homework in junior middle school shall not exceed 90 minute . Strengthen work completion guidance , Teachers should guide pupils to basically complete their written homework in school , Junior high school students complete most of their written homework on campus , In principle, the end time of after-school service shall not be earlier than the local normal off-duty time .
In the primary school affiliated to Capital Normal University , from 2018 From the second half of , Pilot exploration has been carried out , School starts in the afternoon 3 It starts at half past five 4 Half past six , Provide homework counseling services , from 4 It's half past 5 Half past six , Guide students to participate in sports beauty club activities .
Off campus governance 、 School security , With the release of opinions , All localities have issued specific measures to implement . Beijing clearly put forward , It is strictly prohibited to divide key classes 、 Experimental class ; Promote the flow of teachers within the region , Gradually increase the proportion of high-quality ordinary high school enrollment indicators allocated to junior middle schools in the region ; Schools in Shanghai are strictly prohibited from organizing primary and secondary school students to participate in any form of 、 Any range of joint or monthly exams , There is no mid-term examination or examination in primary school . The reporter learned from a random interview with some students' parents , For reducing the burden of students' homework and after-school training , Parents generally agree that , But there are also concerns .
For parents' concerns , Opinions also put forward solutions . Opinion request ： Promote the balanced development of compulsory education , Promote the growth of new high-quality schools , Expand high-quality educational resources , The examination results are presented in a hierarchical system , Resolutely overcome the tendency to only score . Gradually increase the proportion of high-quality ordinary high school enrollment indicators allocated to junior middle schools in the region , Standardize the enrollment order of ordinary high schools , Eliminate illegal enrollment 、 Vicious competition . It is strictly prohibited to issue enrollment indicators or unilaterally evaluate schools and teachers with enrollment rate .
Director of the Institute of private education, Shanghai Academy of Educational Sciences Dong Shengzu ： The fundamental reason is that the allocation of educational resources is not balanced , Some deep-rooted educational ideas have not been broken , Especially important is the evaluation system 、 We still need to achieve greater results in reform .
There is a long way to go to promote the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education , It is imperative to standardize and renovate out of school training institutions . The reporter made random unannounced visits to some off campus training institutions , It is found that some after-school training institutions are still using the summer vacation to do Discipline Training for children . With the release and formal implementation of opinions , This kind of behavior of engaging in discipline out of school training in violation of regulations , We also need relevant departments to study and judge as soon as possible , Strengthen governance .
Reducing students' burden in compulsory education is not a new topic , This time, however, the intensity is unprecedented , And the opinion sets a specific timetable ： Students are overloaded with homework and off campus training 、 Family education expenditure and parents' corresponding energy burden 1 Effective mitigation during the year 、3 Remarkable results were achieved during the year , The people's satisfaction with education has increased significantly . At present, the education department has formulated detailed rules for implementation , Start implementing .
According to statistics , At present, the number of out of school training institutions for primary and middle school students in China is very large , It has been basically the same as the number of schools , Among them, the fish and the dragon are mixed 、 Uneven, some good and some bad 、 Violations of laws and regulations are prominent . Some educational and training institutions are coerced by capital , Anxiety about trafficking , Excessive publicity , It violates the public welfare attribute of Education , Destroyed the normal ecology of Education .
therefore ,“ Double subtraction ” The goal of , On the one hand, it is to further improve the quality of education and teaching and service level in the school , So that students can “ Satiate ”“ Eat well ”; On the other hand , Make the training behavior of out of school training institutions fully standardized , All kinds of chaos in after-school training of disciplines have been basically eliminated , The heat of off campus training has gradually cooled down , Build a good educational ecology . And to achieve the desired goal , Need parents 、 The combination of school and the whole society 、 Multiple synergy , Make education more equitable 、 The direction of higher quality , Let the people's expectations for a better life be better realized in the educational reform .
source CCTV news client
edit Li Tuo
The process editor Wu yue
author[Beijing daily client],Please bring the original link to reprint, thank you.
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