current position：Home>I hit an electric car and emptied my wallet
I hit an electric car and emptied my wallet
2022-08-06 09:32:38【deep way】
文 | 深途,作者 | 黎明,编辑 | 艾小佳
There is ice cream in the freezer“刺客”,Electric car on the road,现在也出现了“刺客”.
前几天,There is a Xiaopeng on the InternetP5A scratch accident occurred,车头保险杠左侧蹭到了另一辆车的车身右侧.
这本来是一起非常普通的交通事故,The vehicle did not collide violently,也没有人员伤亡.但巧的是,这一蹭不要紧,Just put XiaopengP5位于前保险杠左侧的激光雷达给蹭坏了.The total cost of repairing the car1.9万,Lidar does it9000多元.
很多人惊呼万万没想到,This lidar is also too expensive,而且,保险杠的位置也太容易蹭了.
小鹏P5是小鹏旗下的第三款量产车,全球第一款激光雷达量产车.When the car was first released,就有人质疑过激光雷达的位置,以及后续可能的高维修成本.如今看来,这并非杞人忧天.
小鹏P5不是唯一.一大波搭载了激光雷达的新车型,On the way to speed up——极狐阿尔法S华为HI版、哪吒S、阿维塔11、小鹏G9等等,都将在今年下半年上市交付.而且,它们的激光雷达都安装在车头位置.
New car raised“刺刀”,collectively dispatched？
“刺客”出没,Start with lidar
早期的激光雷达成本很高,动辄几十万,主要卖给L4level driverless technology company,用来做测试.Ordinary civilian car,Can't even use it.
过去几年,激光雷达行业高速发展,The cost is gradually dropping,The volume is getting smaller,性能越来越高,为前装量产奠定了基础.
2021年算是激光雷达上车元年.搭载激光雷达的小鹏P5在10月开始交付,极狐阿尔法S华为HI版、蔚来ET7、沙龙机甲龙等搭载激光雷达的车型也纷纷亮相.据深途不完全统计,至少有20A new model of LiDAR version,将在未来两年上市或交付.
The mass production problem is solved,但还有两个问题很棘手,First, the price is not cheap enough,二是找不到完美的安装位置.
以小鹏P5为例,It uses the DJI brandLivoxLook at the Lidar of Woo Technology,车头保险杠左右两侧各一颗.Lanwo has published itHorizon激光雷达的价格——6499元,小鹏P5的激光雷达就是在此基础上定制开发而来.P5刚上市时,同一车型的激光雷达版和普通版,售价相差7000元.
一位固态激光雷达厂商的内部人士赵晨丰告诉深途,速腾聚创的M1激光雷达,first to sell1万多元,开始拿车企定点后降到了4000多元,Recently dropped again3000元左右.“M1这个价格不是一天杀下来的.”
价格之外,激光雷达更大的问题是,such a component,装在车上什么位置合适？
现在行业里有两种主流方案,One is on the roof,代表车型有蔚来ET7、理想L9等.
The second is on the front of the car,Like near the front bumper、The position of the headlights,The representative model is XiaopengP5、极狐阿尔法S华为HI版、哪吒S等.
Neither solution is perfect.装在车顶像个出租车标志,Also like Mobile Suit Gundam,It also affects the wind resistance coefficient of the vehicle;Low visibility on the front of the car,碰撞、剐蹭、飞石等都容易造成损坏.这次小鹏P5就是车头前保险杠碰撞,顺带把激光雷达也撞坏了.
今年下半年会有好几款激光雷达车型开始交付,The location is in the front of the car.
极狐阿尔法S华为HIThe version has three lidars,分别位于车标下方以及左右翼子板位置,新车已经在7月下旬开始交付;哪吒S在7月底上市,两颗激光雷达在车头两个大灯下方;阿维塔11也是3颗激光雷达,The location is with Pole Fox AlphaS华为HI版类似.沙龙机甲龙除了车头三颗,Also has one in the back of the car.
这些车的价格都不便宜,极狐阿尔法S华为HIThe price of the highest version is more than 40万.哪吒S后驱激光雷达版的价格为31.98万元,而之前哪吒卖的最好的哪吒V,起售价只要8万.
从外观上看,These cars are unremarkable,不像激光雷达装在车顶那样张扬.But once there is a collision,Even a slight scratch,激光雷达损坏的风险也很高,维修费可能会超出很多人的预期.
新技术,Falling into a maintenance pit
“新技术的应用是会有代价的,Volunteer to pay.”Zhao Chenfeng said to Shentu.
激光雷达是新技术在汽车上应用的典型案例,It improves vehicle performance,It also pushed up the cost of the vehicle.而随着越来越多新技术投入到电动车产业,与之相关的维修风险也在增加.
除了激光雷达,还有两项新技术跟激光雷达面临相同的局面,一是一体化压铸技术,The second is the integration of battery and body.
特斯拉Model Y用一体压铸技术来生产车架后底板,原本由70多个零件冲压、焊接而成的Model Y后车架,被一体压铸成型,into an oversized component.The production process is simplified,The vehicle manufacturing efficiency is improved.未来,Tesla's front floor、电池壳等部件,都会用一体化压铸技术来生产.
中国的造车新势力也纷纷跟进.蔚来新车型ET5的车身后底板相关部件,也用到了一体化压铸工艺,小鹏一方面采购供应商提供的一体化压铸零部件,同时在新工厂自建压铸车间;Gaohe cooperates with Top Group,规划设计整个工艺流程.
This technology sounds cool,但它带来的问题也是显而易见的——一体成型的车架,在遭遇碰撞后很难维修,本来只是换个零部件的事,可能会变成整体报废.这可比更换激光雷达的成本高多了.
今年2月就发生了首例后车架受损导致的天价维修费事件.一辆Model Y在倒车时撞坏了一体成型的车架后底板,Insurance company estimates20万元的维修费,而这辆车才28万元.
中保研在4月发布了Model Y的碰撞测试成绩,这款采用了一体压铸工艺的车型,在“耐久性与维修经济性”上,拿到了P级别（最差成绩）,One of them dragged its feet,是“可维修性”和“维修经济性”这两项指标.
They say be careful when driving,路上遇到一体压铸工艺的电动车,Best to walk around,Can't afford to be caught behind.
这项技术的优势有很多,通过将电池组和车辆底盘集成,能够减轻电池组封装的厚度、Increase vehicle space、Improve body rigidity, etc,这里不展开讲.Its potential problem is,如果车辆发生事故,Especially hitting the chassis,顺带将电池也撞坏的话,Just replace it as a whole,Maintenance costs are bound to be high.
而且,This integrated design,让换电池变得不再可能,要换只能连带着底盘一起换,增加了维修的难度.目前,零跑C01、比亚迪海豹等车型,have applied this technology.
也许有人会说,没关系,Has insurance cover,即便是零部件被撞坏了,Insurance companies will also pay.但事实上,The vehicle is only in danger,就会导致第二年保费上涨,电动车较高的出险概率、higher insurance amount,will have an impact on renewals.
去年底,新能源汽车专属保险上线后,A car owner spotted a TeslaModel Ypremiums nearly doubled,市场上25万元以上的车型保费普遍上涨.所有的风险,都已经被市场定过价了.
Electric vehicle maintenance costs are high,一方面是因为新技术的使用,另一方面则是电动车本身的结构决定的.
美国We Predic数据分析公司做过一项统计发现,在购买电动汽车的前三个月中,维修成本是内燃机汽车的2.3倍;It became after a year of use1.6倍,But it's still higher than a gasoline car.
Check this company out2016年至2021年之间约1900万辆汽车的数据,涉及400种车型.他们发现,服务技术人员诊断电动汽车问题的时间是汽油车的两倍,Repair time is also long1.5倍,大多数维修工作都集中在EV特定组件上,例如布线问题或充电问题.
过去,Repair a petrol car,Might just need to dismantle the machinery、拧螺丝,But now repairing electric cars,Also understand circuits、电子,Even some programming skills are required.
很多人仍然单纯地认为,电动车开起来就是比燃油车便宜.但“Driving an electric car is cheap”,Not an accurate expression.Electricity is indeed cheaper than gas,电动车的保养成本也更低,但整体的维修成本并不低.
Because it is still in the early stages of development,电动车的渗透率和保有量都还不高,这意味零件和人工成本会高于燃油车.Amortize these costs,需要规模,也需要时间.
“刺客”的诞生,源于消费者的认知错位,“Didn't expect it to be so expensive”“凭什么这么贵”is the most common evaluation.
有一部分人对电动车的认知,Still stuck in the battery car——一个电瓶+四个轮子的时代,或者是廉价网约车的概念里.但其实现在有很多电动车型的价格已经不便宜.
Except for the representatives of the new forces蔚来,北汽旗下的高端新能源品牌极狐、吉利旗下新能源品牌极氪、长城旗下的沙龙机甲龙,All sold the car to the top40万元以上,This is already a luxury brandBBA的阵地.高合的车售价更是高达80万元.
今年发布的很多新车型,比如理想L9、蔚来ES7、问界M7,定价都在30万元以上,Continue to erodeBBA的市场,不少品牌号称在很多方面超越豪华品牌.
从销量数据来看,越来越多的人开始为新势力买单,But on the entire auto industry,这些车型所占的比例依然很低,品牌影响力有限.
绝大多数人能在马路上认出BBA的车标,But can recognize蔚来、极狐、Extremely kryptonite,还是少数.在碰撞事故中,Crash the headlights of a Mercedes Benz,和撞坏一辆极狐保险杠上的激光雷达,Which case loses more,这是个值得探讨的问题.
如果有一天,很多人都能轻松认出路上经过的一辆蔚来,Or polar fox、阿维塔,并且真的接受它们的高价,That so-called car“刺客”,就会越来越少.
Stockpiling in popular,推崇满配的新造车行业,各种造价不菲的智能硬件、Sensors are coming in batches.The first mass-produced one-piece die-castingModel Y,最早量产激光雷达的小鹏P5,都已经在碰撞事故中吃过亏,刷新了外界对电动车维修费用的认知.
*应受访者要求,Zhao Chenfeng is a pseudonym.
author[deep way],Please bring the original link to reprint, thank you.
The sidebar is recommended
- Geely Vision x6pro Hangzhou Station ended successfully, happiness is always hidden in ordinary life
- 220,104 vehicles!GAC actually surpassed BYD, and new energy is the biggest bright spot!_sohu car_sohu.com
- The new Nissan Patrol will be launched soon, equipped with 5.6lv8 engine
- With great strides forward, BYD's monthly sales exceeded 160,000, and the delivery of vehicles was accelerated
- Changan's official announcement to enter the pickup market has the unique recognition of its own car companies
- 2021 Maybach GLs Rewards Edition real shot, domineering large-size front bumper
- Yipin once in depth丨Electrification and reengineering of independent new cars_Sohu Auto_Sohu.com
- Fuzhou adds 163 pure electric new energy buses_Sohu Auto_Sohu
- "New Joint Venture Force" Jiangling Ford Technology Xiang Dongping's Way to Win_Sohu Auto_Sohu.com
- Based on CMA architecture, Geely Boyue L is officially released_Sohu Auto_Sohu
guess what you like
The "vehicle-road coordination" behind the halo, the key problems are still to be solved
Fengyunqi, Guochaoxing, China Roewe released the two major vehicle technical bases of "Mount Everest" and "Nebulas", and entered the intelligent new energy track at full speed
Do you agree with cross-border marketing?Extreme Fox sponsors rock concert
Geely FX11 officially named "Boyue L" new car adopts new style exterior and interior
The price of new energy vehicles has risen again!The demand for this raw material has surged. What are the core targets?_sohu car_sohu.com
Jiangling ford repeated sales achievements of science and technology, "the helm" XiangDongPing what is the secret?_ sohu auto _ sohu net
Deliver 100 million vehicles in ten years?Musk has set a new "small goal" - Xinhua English.news.cn
SAIC's "hydrogen power" debuts in batches
Toyota, you can't tamper with the concept, you are off-road, and domestic cars are not off-road?_sohu car_sohu.com
Car one lap, the test result automatically generated wuhan into the international first-class intelligent snatched _ sohu auto _ sohu auto test field network
- BYD Wang Chuanfu "bets right" again!Heavy trucks with a unit price of 2 million yuan are exported to more than a dozen countries such as Europe and the United States_Sohu Automobile_Sohu.com
- Byd to enter the global 500 strong, China's new energy car companies rely on technology hard power _ _ sohu cars sohu net
- Get the license "Nuggets" electronic cigarette!BYD Electronics really wants to "overtake on a curve"?_sohu car_sohu.com
- The Tesla Cybertruck may be more expensive than the official price when it goes on sale
- The main sales volume of Beijing Hyundai Motors developed in an "a" shape, and declined again in the first half of the year
- Dongfeng Nissan "revives" the four-cylinder X-Trail, with less than 10,000 vehicles in danger in the first half
- Toyota's gasoline-electric hybrid system is officially unveiled, bringing a new four-wheel drive system that integrates fuel and electric
- Geely Krypton's new MPV official map, with a domineering appearance, a car length of over 5 meters 2, side sliding doors, and a battery life of 700km.
- Come to car companies "targeted" propaganda and considerate service to send policy dividend _ _ sohu cars sohu net
- Senna ink version price reduction promotion, the highest discount of 278,000 car purchases
- Honeycomb Energy announces the details of the research and development test of the short-knife battery
- Usher in the overall upgrade, the new Audi A6L will be available tonight
- The correct way to open the Internet of Everything Test drive Beiqi Rubik's Cube
- The new Peugeot 408 is launched, and the interior adopts a parametric lattice design
- Subsidies for new energy vehicles in Hainan have been released one after another. The most complete summary is here.
- The latest Toyota family sedan unveiled, looks as good as the Volkswagen polo
- Dongfeng Fengxing uses scenarios to define car categories, and Fengxing Yachts brings the best solution for 150,000-class family vehicles
- Dongfeng nissan pure electric suvariya, new appearance level and strength
- What's the difference between the low-end, mid-range, and high-end versions?Buying a car, novices learn to distinguish
- Aiways u6play electrified era, using a large area of black trim
- The aura of the new Toyota Land Cruiser is strong enough to have an off-road SUV
- The world's first BMW color-changing concept car is amazing
- Toyota Camry exterior renderings exposed, equipped with new matrix LED headlights
- KFC Crazy Thursday---horse cart/binary + string hash
- Global shortage of "urine", why small urea let South Korea so nasty _ _ sohu cars sohu net
- Infineon's product defect incident caused a shock in the automotive IGBT chip market
- Going out of Geely and independently listed Yigatong: To be like Huawei, create your own "inquiry world"_Sohu Auto_Sohu.com
- Mazda cx-50 overseas price exposure, or will be delivered in the second half of the year
- Nissan Sima to end production in 2023, following the trend of the times
- Conductor over 5.2 m, width than 2 meters, the range of 700 km, extremely krypton MPV is a flagship indeed!_ sohu auto _ sohu net
- Unlocking new achievements, the 200,000th Auchan X5 rolls off the assembly line
- FAW-Volkswagen Tanyue X officially debuted, enhancing the sense of technology
- trolley wheel
- The types of forklift truck tires?
- Case recommendation | Supporting more than 10,000 parking lots: Ketuo Parking's evolution based on Pulsar's message bus architecture
- Strong observation丨Is the era of sodium-ion batteries really coming?
- Guangzhou Port Haijia Automobile Terminal welcomed its first foreign trade ship, and 4,000 commercial vehicles set sail for the sea
- GAC Honda zr-v released, where does its luxury come from?
- Geometry ex3 kung fu cattle stopped selling, and has been on the list for several months to complain about "nail households"
- Buick LaCrosse executive class car, luxurious appearance and refined interior